CHUKOKU: CHUKOKU is imposed for the first instance of a minor infraction for the applicable category.

KEIKOKU: KEIKOKU is imposed for the second instance of a minor infraction for that category, or for infractions not sufficiently serious to merit HANSOKU-CHUI.

HANSOKU-CHUI: This is a warning of disqualification usually imposed for infractions for which a KEIKOKU has previously been given in that bout although it may be imposed directly for serious infringements, which do not merit HANSOKU.

HANSOKU: This is the penalty of disqualification following a very serious infraction or when a HANSOKU CHUI has already been given. In team matches the fouled competitor’s scor

SHIKKAKU: This is a disqualification from the actual tournament, competition, or match In order to define the limit of SHIKKAKU, the Referee Commission, must be consulted. SHIKKAKU may be invoked when a contestant fails to obey the orders of the Referee, acts maliciously, or commits an act which harms the prestige and honour of Karate-do, or when other actions are considered to violate the rules and spirit of the tournament. In team matches the fouled competitor’s score will be set at eight points and the offender’s score will be zeroed.


I. There are three degrees of warning; CHUKOKU, KEIKOKU and HANSOKU CHUI. A warning is a correction given to the contestant making it clear that the contestant is in violation of the competition rules, but without imposing an immediate penalty.

II. There are two degrees of penalties: HANSOKU and SHIKKAKU, both causing the contestant violating the rules to be disqualified from i) the bout (HANSOKU) — or ii) from the entire tournament (SHIKKAKU) with a possible suspension from competition for an additional time period.

III. Category 1 and Category 2 warnings do not cross-accumulate.

IV. A warning can be directly imposed for a rules infraction but once given; repeats of that category of infraction must be accompanied by an increase in severity of warning and penalty imposed. It is not, for example, possible to give a warning or penalty for excessive contact then give another warning of the same degree for a second instance of excessive contact.

V. CHOKOKU is normally imposed for the first instance of an offence that has not reduced a competitor’s chances of winning by the opponent’s foul.

VI. KEIKOKU is normally imposed where the contestant's potential for winning is slightly diminished (in the opinion of the Judges) by the opponent's foul.

VII. A HANSOKU CHUI may be imposed directly, or following a KEIKOKU and is used where the contestant's potential for winning has been seriously reduced (in the opinion of the Judges) by the opponent's foul.

VIII. A HANSOKU is imposed for cumulative penalties but can also be imposed directly for serious rules infractions. It is used when the contestant's potential for winning has been reduced virtually to zero (in the opinion of the Judges) by the opponent's foul.

IX. Any competitor who receives HANSOKU for causing injury, and who has in the opinion of the Judges and Tatami Manager, acted recklessly or dangerously or who is considered not to have the requisite control skills necessary for WKF competition, will be reported to the Referee Commission. The Referee Commission will decide if that competitor shall be suspended from the rest of that competition and/or subsequent competitions.

X. A SHIKKAKU can be directly imposed, without warnings of any kind. The contestant need have done nothing to merit it — it is sufficient if the Coach or non-combatant members of the contestants' delegation behave in such a way as to harm the prestige and honour of Karate-Do. If the Referee believes that a contestant has acted maliciously, regardless of whether or not actual physical injury has been caused, SHIKKAKU and not HANSOKU, is the correct penalty.

XI. A public announcement of SHIKKAKU must be made.