APPENDIX 1: THE TERMINOLOGY
SHOBU HAJIME - Start the Match or Bout
After the announcement, the Referee takes a step back.
ATO SHIBARAKU - A little more time left
An audible signal will be given by the timekeeper 15 seconds before the actual end of the bout and the Referee will announce “Ato Shibaraku”.
YAME — Stop
Interruption, or end of the bout. As he/she makes the announcement, the Referee makes a downward chopping motion with his hand.
MOTO NO ICHI — Original position
Competitors and Referee return to their starting positions.
TSUZUKETE — Fight on
Resumption of fighting ordered when an unauthorised interruption occurs.
TSUZUKETE HAJIME — Resume fighting – Begin The Refe
ree stands in a forward stance. As he/she says “Tsuzukete” he/she extends his/her arms, palms outwards towards the Competitors. As he/she says “Hajime” he/she turns the palms and brings them rapidly towards one another, at the same time stepping back.
SHUGO — Judges called
The Referee calls the Judges at the end of the match or bout, or to recommend SHIKKAKU.
HANTEI — Decision
Referee calls for a decision at the end of an inconclusive bout. After a short blast of the whistle, the Judges render their vote by flag signal and the Referee indicates his own vote by raising his arm.
HIKIWAKE — Draw
In case of a tied bout, the Referee crosses his arms, then extends them with the palms showing to the front.
AKA (AO) NO KACHI — Red (Blue) wins
The Referee obliquely raises his/her arm on the side of the winner.
AKA (AO) IPPON — Red (Blue) scores three points
The Referee raises his/her arm up at 45 degrees on the side of the scorer.
AKA (AO) WAZA-ARI- Red (Blue) scores two points
The Referee extends his/her arm at shoulder level on the side of the scorer.
AKA (AO) YUKO — Red (Blue) scores one point
The Referee extends his/her arm downward at 45 degrees on the side of the scorer.
CHUKOKU — Warning
The Referee indicates a Category 1 or 2 offence.
KEIKOKU - Warning
The Referee indicates a Category 1 or 2 offence then points with his/her index finger downwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender.
HANSOKU-CHUI — Warning of disqualification
The Referee indicates a Category 1 or 2 offence then points with his/her index finger horizontally in the direction of the offender.
HANSOKU — Disqualification
The Referee indicates a Category 1 or 2 offence then points with his/her index finger upwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender, and announces a win for the opponent.
JOGAI — Exit from the match area not caused by the opponent The Referee points his/her index finger on the side of the offender to indicate to the Judges that the Competitor has moved out of the area.
SENSHU - First unopposed point advantage
After awarding the point in the regular fashion, the Referee calls “Aka (Ao) Senshu” while holding lifting his/her bent arm with the palm facing the Referee’ s own face.
SHIKKAKU - Disqualification “Leave the Area”'
The Referee points first upwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender then motions out and behind with the announcement “AKA (AO) SHIKKAKU!” he/she then announces a win for the opponent.
TORIMASEN — Annulment
The point or decision is annulled. The Kumite Referee or Kata Chief Judge crosses his/her hands in a downward movement.
KIKEN — Renunciation
The Referee points downwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the Competitor’s or team’s side of the mat.
MUBOBI — Self Endangerment
The Referee touches his/her face then turning his/her hand edge forward, moves it back and forth to indicate to the Judges that the Competitor endangered himself.